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Mª ISABEL RODRÍGUEZ

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PEDAGOGÍA Y LOGOPEDIA: DOS RAMAS DIFERENTES

Posted on September 6, 2011 at 10:51 AM
La sociedad actual se caracteriza por continuos cambios, para dar respuesta a ellos se desarrollan nuevas especializaciones con el propósito de abarcar las necesidades que tales transformaciones producen en la sociedad, ofreciendo así, servicios que las satisfagan. Ello provoca confusión y desconocimiento de la utilidad de ciertos profesionales, como es el caso de labores relacionas con la tecnología, salud e imagen personal.
 
 
 En el caso de la pedagogía, es una ciencia que ha estado evolucionando a lo largo de toda la historia, a través de aportaciones didácticas y metodológicas con el objetivo de beneficiar el aprendizaje del individuo, implicando la evolución de la sociedad. Aún así, existe el desconocimiento o confusión de la provecho de tal profesión y es frecuente preguntarse para qué o qué es un pedagogo o un logopeda. No obstante, tanto uno como otros llevan muchos años ofreciendo sus servicios de forma privada o pública.
La logopedia:
     Trata los problemas, disfunciones o retrasos que se presentan en los campos del habla, del lenguaje, de la voz y de la comunicación.
     Se trabaja desde el campo cognitivo, físico y fisiológico.
     Con personas de cualquier edad, sea cual sea la causa (funcional, orgánica o adaptativa) que origina los trastornos.
     El área de actuación de la logopedia y el ejercicio de la profesión se desarrolla en varios entornos:
·        atención temprana,
·        centros educativos como personal no docente,
·        gabinetes privados, centros de especialidades médicas, hospitales,
·         grupos de investigación lingüística, etc.
Por tanto, es un profesional que se encarga diagnosticar y rehabilitar ciertos trastornos o disfunciones implicados en el vocablo y comunicación. Se ocupan de varios aspectos:
-         Tono muscular y actitud corporal.
-         Relajación
-         Respiración y coordinación fonorespiratorio,
-         articulaciones.
-         Rehabilitación de la voz,
-         Rehabilitación de la deglución (tragar).
La pedagogía:
     Se ocupa de la educación y la enseñanza.
     Proporciona asesoramiento para planificar, ejecutar y evaluar procesos de enseñanza y aprendizaje, aprovechando las aportaciones e influencias de la psicología, la sociología, entre otras.
     Estudia la educación en todas sus vertientes: escolar, familiar, laboral y social.
     Áreas profesionales son:
·        Diagnóstico pedagógico y psicopedagógico,
·        Formación laboral y ocupacional,
·        Técnicas individuales y grupales de aprendizaje
·        Educación de adultos,
·        Educación para la salud,
·        Educación ambiental,
·        Orientación escolar y familiar.
Así pues, el pedagogo es el profesional de la educación encargado de gran variedad de áreas implicadas en el aprendizaje de las personas, con aptitudes para planificar y elaborar estratégicas que desarrollen las habilidades intelectuales y actitudinales, que faciliten la evolución académica y personal del alumno. Es una disciplina que sirve para prevenir y corregir trastornos relacionados con el aprendizaje, como por ejemplo:
 
 
-         Trastornos de atención e hiperactividad.
-         Trastornos específicos de la lectura: dislexia.
-         Déficit de memoria.
-         Discalculia, trastorno del cálculo.
-         Trastorno del aprendizaje no verbal.
-         Procesos de aprendizaje de la lectura y la escritura.
-         Retraso mental.
-         Educadora familiar.
-         Habilidades sociales.
-         Técnicas de estudio.
-         Estimulación cognitiva:
-         Razonamiento, percepción, atención – concentración, calculo, memoria, …
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Categories: INFORMACIÓN

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